Humanitarian Wars are Implemented Everywhere, From the Sphere of Economics and Politics to the Nobel Prizes

Authors

  • Georgii G. Pocheptsov

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37659/2663-5070-2020-4-67-71

Keywords:

humanitarian wars, information warfare, hybrid warfare, geopolitical stand-off, information space, virtual space, means of influence, disinformation, fake news, conspiracy theory, coronavirus pandemic

Abstract

The article states that countries of the world make full use of all the tools on hand. Nowadays, when large volumes of information are transferred through social media by means of automatic bots, the world is facing a bloom of fake news and conspiracy theories, which became apparent in the context of the pandemic. Author pointed that Hybrid warfare appeals to the warring sides owing principally to the anonymity of the players. After all, everything that is happening in the wars may well be interpreted as a natural development of the situation. The paper identified three main directions that disinformation attacks are focused on: undermining trust in public institutions by re- porting on civilian disobedience in the attacked countries, narratives on the success of the pandemic response activities in the attacking countries, speculations over the coun- try of origin of the virus, for example that it is an American-manufactured bioweapon. The hypothesis of the paper that the modern world is changing many of our past skills and tools. This, among other things, fully applies to the impact on other countries which might, in the old fashioned way, be called wars but are rather struggle for domination. Even international sporting contests are regarded as military victory over a hypothetical “maneuver enemy.” Ukraine is under constant shellfire, when information operations are aimed to prove the fact that Ukraine is a “failed state,” while cybercorporations are designed to destroy the efficiency of banking, financial and economic spheres.

References

Economic Security: Neglected Dimension of National Security? Edited by Sheila R. Ronis. Washington, National Defense University Press, 2011. – URL: https://ndupress.ndu.edu/Portals/68/Documents/ Books/economic-security.pdf (Retrieved 18.01.2019)

Miller J. a.o. Follow the Money: Targeting Enemy War-Sustaining Activities // Joint Force Quarterly. – 2017. – I. 87. – URL: https://ndupress.ndu.edu/Publications/ Article/1325943/follow-the-money-targeting-enemy-war-sustaining-activities/ (Retrieved 18.01.2019)

The dangers of a US-China financial war. – URL: https://www.ft.com/content/85bca04a-9529–11ea-abcd-371e24b679ed (Retrieved 19.01.2019)

McNally C.A. Beware of a “financial war”. – URL: http://www.chinadaily.com. cn/a/201911/29/WS5de0bbb2a310cf3e3557af0f.html (Retrieved 19.01.2019)

Mai J. China-US tensions could be worse than the Cold War, academic says. – URL: https://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy/article/3089838/china-us-tensions-could-be-worse-cold-war-academic-says (Retrieved 20.01.2019)

Rui G. US is waging financial war to stop China’s rise, says veteran politician. – URL: https://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy/article/3088684/us-waging-financial-war-stop-chinas-rise-says-veteran (Retrieved 20.01.2019)

Bright J. a.o. Coronavirus Coverage by State-Backed English-Language News Sources Understanding Chinese, Iranian, Russian and Turkish Government. – URL: https://comprop.oii.ox.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/sites/93/2020/04/Coronavirus-Coverage-by-State-Backed-English-Language-News-Sources.pdf (Retrieved 21.01.2019)

The COVID-19 “Infodemic”. A Preliminary Analysis of the Online Conversation Surrounding the Coronavirus Pandemic. – URL: https://public-assets.graphika.com/ reports/Graphika_Report_Covid19_Infodemic.pdf (Retrieved 21.01.2019)

Russia, China, Iran exploit George Floyd protests in U.S. – URL: https://medium. com/dfrlab/russia-china-iran-exploitgeorge-floyd-protests-in-u-s-6d2a5e56c7b9 (Retrieved 10.01.2019)

Rebello K. a.o. Covid-19 News and Information from State-Backed Outlets Targeting French, German and Spanish-Speaking Social Media Users. Understanding Chinese, Iranian, Russian and Turkish Outlets. – URL: https://comprop.oii.ox.ac.uk/ wp-content/uploads/sites/93/2020/06/ Covid-19-Misinfo-Targeting-French-German-and-Spanish-Social-Media-UsersFinal.pdf (Retrieved 10.01.2019)

Marquez A. Russian, Chinese Media Target Europeans With COVID-19 Fake News: Study. – URL: https://theglobepost. com/2020/06/29/europeans-covid-19fake-news/ (Retrieved 11.01.2019)

Jamieson K.L. How Russian Hackers and Trolls Exploited the US Media in 2016. – URL: https://learcenter.org/wp-content/ uploads/2018/10/How-Russian-Hackersand-Trolls-Exploited-US-Media-in-2016. pdf (Retrieved 11.01.2019)

Wheeler A. ‘Ethnicity is authenticity’: how America got addicted to racist branding. – URL: https://www.theguardian.com/ us-news/2020/jun/28/aunt-jemima-uncle-ben-racism-advertising-branding (Retrieved 12.01.2019)

Yasir S. a.o. India Debates Skin-Tone Bias as Beauty Companies Alter Ads. – URL: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/28/ world/asia/india-skin-color-unilever. html?action=click&module=News&pgtype=Homepage (Retrieved 12.01.2019)

Itzkoff D. White Actors Leaving Nonwhite Roles at ‘The Simpsons’ and ‘Family Guy’. – URL: https://www.nytimes. com/2020/06/26/arts/television/familyguy-simpsons-white-voice-actors.html (Retrieved 13.01.2019)

Simpsons ends use of white actors to voice people of colour. – URL: https://www.bbc.com/news/entertainment-arts-53201667?fbclid=IwAR0vOMU8LaAnDJAH5BaDR-WUEbjY_IUQ5fvdn0Ma3HKN87fTm_HdUpr77ZM (Retrieved 13.01.2019)

Elsom J. St Albans Cathedral will replace traditional Nativity scene featuring Virgin Mary with a painting of the Last Supper featuring a black Jesus in solidarity with Black Lives Matter. – URL: https://www. dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8473935/ StAlbansCathedralplacespainting-Supper-black-Jesus-altar.html (Retrieved 14.01.2019)

Rolland N. China’s Vision for a New World Order. – URL: https://www.nbr.org/ wp-content/uploads/pdfs/publications/ sr83_chinasvision_jan2020.pdf (Retrieved 14.01.2019)

Occupied. – URL: https://en.wikipedia. org/wiki/Occupied (Retrieved 15.01.2019)

Antrim T. Occupied Is the Climate-Crisis Thriller You Should Be Watching. – URL: https://www.vogue.com/article/occupied-netflix-season-3-review (Retrieved 15.01.2019)

Saunders F. S. The Cultural Cold War. The CIA and the World of Arts and Letters. – New York: New Press, 2013

Holler M.J. The Artist as a Secret Agent: Liberalism Against Populism. – URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228417398_The_Artist_as_a_Secret_Agent_Liberalism_Against_Populism (Retrieved 16.01.2019)

Толстой И. Отмытый роман Пастернака. – Прага, 2010

Толстой И. “Доктор Живаго”: Новые факты и находки в Нобелевском Архиве – Прага, Human Rights Publishers, 2010

Шарый А. “Отмытый роман”. История публикации “Доктора Живаго”. – URL: https://www.svoboda.org/a/479902.html (Retrieved 16.01.2019)

Как ЦРУ издавало “Доктора Живаго” – URL: https://arzamas.academy/ materials/625 (Retrieved 17.01.2019)

Купчинецкая В. “Доктор Живаго” и ЦРУ. – URL: https://www.golosameriki. ru/a/ pasternak-book-nobel-2010–12–15–111950894/191380.html (Retrieved 17.01.2019)

Valicenti I.L. Doctor Zhivago: Russian literature as a tool of American propaganda during the cold war and the role of the Vatican and Feltrinelli. – URL: http://www. ijors.net/issue6_2_2017/articles/valicenti. html (Retrieved 26.01.2019)

Басинский П. Чудо, заставшее врасплох. Нобелевская премия Борису Пастернаку: тайны и реальность. – URL: https://rg.ru/2015/02/10/nobel.html (Retrieved 26.01.2019)

Shimer D. When the CIA Interferes in Foreign Elections A Modern-Day History of American Covert Action // Foreign Affairs. – 2020. – July – August. – URL: https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/united-states/2020–06–21/cia-interferes-foreign-elections (Retrieved 27.01.2019)

“Little green man”: a primer on modern Russian unconventional warfare. Ukraine 2013 – 2014. – URL: https://www.jhuapl. edu/Content/documents/ARIS_LittleGreenMen.pdf (Retrieved 27.01.2019)

Snegovaya M. ‘Reflexive control’: Putin’s hybrid warfare in Ukraine is straight out of the Soviet playbook. – URL: https:// www.businessinsider.com/reflexive-control-putins-hybrid-warfare-in-ukraineis-straight-out-of-the-soviet-playbook-2015–9 (Retrieved 28.01.2019)

Persson G. Controlling the past history and national security in Russia. – URL: https:// frivarld.se/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/ gudrun-persson-controlling-the-past-2. pdf (Retrieved 28.01.2019)

Liñán M. V. History as a propaganda tool in Putin’s Russia Communist and Post-Communist Studies 43 (2010) 167–178. – URL: https://watermark.silverchair.com/cpcs_43_2_167.pdf (Retrieved 29.01.2019)

Putin V. The Real Lessons of the 75th Anniversary of World War II. – URL: https://nationalinterest.org/feature/ vladimir-putin-real-lessons-75th-anniversary-world-war-ii-162982 (Retrieved 29.01.2019)

Baltic States Protest Russia’s Historical Revisionism On Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. – URL: https://www.rferl.org/a/ baltic-states-protest-russia-historical-revisionism-on-molotov-ribbentrop-pact/30679562.html (Retrieved 30.01.2019)

Hodge N. Putin rewrites World War II history – and does battle over historical memory. – URL: https://www.cnn. com/2020/06/18/europe/russia-putin-world-war-history-rewrite-intl/index. html (Retrieved 30.01.2019)

Fritz-Vannahme J. #Putin’s strange view of #Second_World_War https://globaleurope.eu/putins-strange-view-of-second_ world_war/ (Retrieved 02.02.2019)

Weir F. Why does World War II still hold such a grip on Russia? – URL: https://www.csmonitor.com/World/Europe/2020/0625/Why-does-World-WarII-still-hold-such-a-grip-on-Russia (Retrieved 02.02.2019)

Krasodomski-Jones A. a.o. Warring songs. Information operations in the digital age. – URL: https://demos.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/Warring-Songs-final-1.pdf (Retrieved 04.02.2019)

Published

2020-07-15

Issue

Section

TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE BUSINESS AND ECONOMY SECURITY AND PROTECTION. CYBERSECURITY